In year 551 BC, during the time of warfare and political upheavals of Spring and Autumn Period, Confucius (Kong zi), the most influential ancient sage of China, was born in a small town located in Shandong named Qufu. As a philosopher and a thinker, Confucius’s thought and teachings were developed into Confucianism, which serves as the foundation of common belief of Chinese. The ideas of Confucius was so important in ancient China that its principals were adapted from politics and governing to families and personal ethics. From the ancient period to the imperial governing of over a millennium, the Chinese were taught the concept of Confucius. The philosophy of Confucius was the cradle of Chinese civilization, paving the path of the other Chinese doctrines like Taoism and Legalism. The first temple of Confucius was built in Confucius’ hometown Qufu, consequently two thousands of Confucius Temple scattering across the world(far to USA) where completed based on the one in Qufu. The Temple of Confucius in Qufu was established in 478BC, one year after Confucius died, where Monarch Lu ordered to sanctify the mansion of Confucius to the Temple of Confucius in order to honour his contribution. The temple was expanded in different reigns. This shrine was recognised as a UNESCO world cultural heritage in 1994. Came second to the scale of the Forbidden City in Beijing, the Temple of Confucius was one of the top three ancient complex in the territory of China, where the Resort in Chengde came third.
Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu Qufu,